Selma was transformed into the Confederacy’s second most important war manufacturing center, outside of Richmond. Essential to the Confederate war effort, especially with the construction of the CSS Tennessee ironclad and the Brooke cannon, Selma provided critical support to Confederate operations in the field, in places including Mobile, Charleston, and Atlanta. An impressive network of ironworks was developed in Alabama to supply the sprawling Selma Arsenal, Ordnance Works, and Navy Yard. A series of well engineered earthworks and fortifications were constructed around Selma to defend this critical industrial center. As a testament to the importance of Selma, it produced “half of the cannon and two thirds of the fixed ammunition” for the Confederacy in 1864-1865. The largest cavalry raid of the Civil War, under the command of Major General James H. Wilson, targeted and destroyed Selma during the final stages of the Civil War.